Zalmai MohebMoheb.jpg

Environmental Conservation

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Advisor: Todd Fuller

Drivers of snow leopard-human conflict in the mountains of northeastern Afghanistan

Snow leopards (Panthera uncia) are threatened throughout their Asiatic range by a variety of human-related factors. In Afghanistan, 75% of confirmed snow leopard range occurs in an area of 10,000-km2 of the Hindu Kush and Pamir Mountains area in the far northeast recently declared as Wakhan National Park (WNP). Due to hunting by humans and forage competition with livestock in the Park, however, the abundance of snow leopard prey species has declined, leading to increased predation on domestic livestock and subsequent retaliatory killing. To address this problem, I would like to study the factors influencing rates of snow leopard depredation, including prey-predator relationships and variation in livestock management practices. From this knowledge, and in combination with collaborative studies on snow leopard and prey ecology, I plan to help reduce human-wildlife conflict in within the Wakhan National Park in the northeastern Afghanistan and thus conserve an iconic species.




Moheb, Z., S.N. Mostafawi, P.I. Zahler, and T.K. Fuller. 2018. Markhor and Siberian ibex occurrence and conservation in northern Afghanistan. Caprinae News 2018:4-7.

Moheb, Z., Jahed, N. & Noori, H. 2016. Bactrian deer (Cervus elaphus bactrianus) still exist in Afghanistan. IUCN Deer Specialist Group Newsletter. 28:5-12.

Moheb, Z., & Paley, R. 2016. Central Asia, Afghanistan. pp. 409-417. In: McCarthy, T. & Mallon, D. (Eds), Snow Leopards – Biodiversity of the World: Conservation from Genes to Landscapes, Elsevier, London, UK.

Kidwai1, Z., Matwal, M., Kumar, U., Shrotriya, S., Masood, F., Moheb, Z., Ansari A.N. and Singh, K. 2016. Species diversity and composition analysis in different forest types of Corbett Tiger Reserve, Uttarakhand, India. Eurasian Journal of Forest Science 4(2): 8-17

Moheb, Z. & Bradfield, D. 2014. Status of the common leopard in Afghanistan. Cat News 61:15-16

Kidwai1, Z., Matwal, M., Kumar, U., Shrotriya, S., Masood, F., Moheb, Z., Ansari A.N. and Singh, K. 2013. Comparative study of bird community structure and function in two different forest types of Corbett National Park, Uttarakhand, India. Asian Journal of Conservation Biology 2:157-163.

Moheb, Z., Lawson, D., & Mostafawi, S.N. 2012. Brown bear status and threats in Darwaz, Northern Badakhshan, Afghanistan. Ursus 23:237-240.

Simms, A.C., Moheb, Z., Salahudin, Ali, I., & Wood, F. T. 2011. Saving threatened species in Afghanistan: Snow leopards in the Wakhan Corridor. International Journal of Environmental Studies 68:299-312.