Joan MilamJoan Milam

Adjunct Research Fellow


Areas of Specialization

Bee taxonomy, ecology and conservation

Research Description

The focus of my research is on the taxonomy, biodiversity, and conservation of native bees. I work in collaboration with Federal and State agencies, and NGO’s to provide inventories and baseline data for monitoring native bees in managed habitats. My research has included a systematic review of the bee fauna of Massachusetts, the effects of habitat restoration and fuels control on pine-barrens habitats, the bee fauna of remnant glacial outwash areas, the role of silviculture in enhancing bee pollination services in forested landscapes, and surveys of the bee fauna of suburban lawns in relation to management.

Current and Recent Projects

-Great Lakes Restoration Initiative Lake States Pollinator Project, 2017, United States Forest Service R9 (with Dr. D. King)

-Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) and Cheshire Conservation District: Bee taxonomist for pollinator habitat enhancement for agriculture project. 2015-2018, Walpole, NH.

-Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS): Habitat Evaluation and Monitoring of Working Lands for Wildlife: New England Cottontails and Other Species in Managed Early-Successional Habitats–1 October 2014 – 30 November 2015. Durham, New Hampshire

-Green Mountain National Forest: Native Bee Baseline and Effects Monitoring on the Green Mountain National Forest. 2015, Rutland, VT

-Lawn mowing influences on bee diversity and ecosystem services in private yards (NSF SEES Fellows Program) – with PI Susannah Lerman

Recent Publications and Reports

Milam, J., J.A. Litvaitis, A. Warren, D. Keirstead, D.I. King. In press. Bee assemblages in managed early-successional habitats in southeastern New Hampshire. Northeastern Naturalist.

Lerman, S.B., A.R. Contosta, J. Milam, and C. Bang. 2018. To mow or to mow less: lawn mowing frequency and abundance in suburban yards. Biological Conservation, 221:160-174.

Roberts, H.P., D. I., King, and J. Milam. 2017. Factors affecting bee communities in forest openings and adjacent mature forest. Forest Ecology and Management 394:111-122.

King, D.I., and J. Milam. 2017. Native bee baseline and effects of monitoring on the Green Mountain National Forest. Report to the Green Mountain and Finger Lakes National Forest.

Lerman, S.B., and J. Milam. 2016. Bee fauna and floral abundance within lawn-dominated suburban yards in Springfield, MA. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 109(5): 713-723.

Milam, J. and D.I. King. 2016. The effect of reclamation of a pitch pine‐scrub oak barren at the Muddy Brook Wildlife Management Area on native bee diversity and abundance. Report to the Massachusetts Division of Fisheries and Wildlife.

Milam, J. 2016. 2015-2016 NRCS survey of bee communities in early-successional habitats created for the New England Cottontail (Sylvilagus transitionalis) recovery project in New Hampshire and southern Maine. Report to the Natural Resources Conservation Service, Beltsville, MD.

Milam, J. 2015. Bee communities in created and enhanced early-successional habitats for the New England Cottontail (Sylvilagus transitionalis) recovery project in New Hampshire. Report to the Natural Resources Conservation Service, Beltsville, MD.

Milam, J. 2013. Effects of fuel reduction and habitat restoration on native bee communities in Massachusetts pitch pine–scrub oak barrens. Unpublished report.

Graduate and Undergraduate Committees

Matthew D H. Boyer. PH.D., Biology Department – College of Natural Sciences –The Good, the bad and the ugly: Pollinators as vectors of disease in blueberry. (Dr. Lynn Adler, advisor)

Kristen Michaud, Commonwealth College Honors Thesis — The impact of flower number manipulation on Crithidia bombi transmission in Bombus impatiens. (Dr. Lynn Adler, advisor).

H. Patrick Roberts – MS., Department of Environmental Conservation. Assessing small forest openings as habitat for early-successional wildlife communities in southern New England. (Dr. Dave King, advisor) Graduated, 2016.

Johanna Brophy, Commonwealth College Honors Thesis –Bee Communities in Gravel Pits in Western Massachusetts. (Dr. Curtice Griffin, advisor) Graduated, 2012.