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Randhir, Timothy O.

Professor and Graduate Program DirectorRandhir


326 Holdsworth

Email: randhir
curriculum vitae

ResearcherIDGoogle Scholar, ORCID
Websites:   Web/Mobile spatial decision support systems ;
UMass Yoro Sustainability Project

Primary interests

Dr. Randhir’s primary interests include: watershed management, water quality, ecological economics, complex systems, dynamic modeling and optimization, spatial analysis and simulation, Institutional economics, GIS-Internet-Simulation interfacing, systems modeling, climate change, land use policy, international trade and development, common pool resource management, nonpoint source pollution, and natural resources policy and management.

Current/ Recent Projects

Spatio-temporal modeling of watershed dynamics (Blackstone Watershed); Sediment loading and aquatic ecosystem response (Connecticut River Watershed); Deliberative group decisions (Chicopee Watershed); Climate change and glacier-fed watersheds of the tropics; Modeling multiple contaminants and Land dynamics (Blackstone Watershed); Coliform contamination and chlorine by-products (Kampala, Uganda); Multi-attribute watershed classification for restoration (Chicopee Watershed); Performance measures for Watershed systems (Chicopee Watershed); Impact of climatic change on watershed systems (Connecticut River Watershed); Water harvesting in urbanizing watershed systems (Taunton Watershed); Watershed dimensions and biodiversity (Westfield River Watershed); Institutional solutions to water resources (Honduras); Urbanization in Watersheds (Blackstone Watershed); Urban Modeling of Pervious cover (Mill River Watershed, Springfield); Modeling Land use – Land cover change (Connecticut Watershed); Structure and performance of watershed organizations (Nationwide); Watershed impacts of animal feed operations (Middle Connecticut Watershed); Internet-based, watershed information site for Watershed Communities (Comprehensive site for watershed information); Watershed education (website with resources for teaching)

Courses Taught

NRC 578-Watershed Science and Management
NRC 576 – Water Resources Management and Policy
NRC 577 – Ecosystem Modeling and Simulation
ECO 675 – Ecological Economics and Sustainability
ECO 678 – Advanced Watershed Science
NRC 597O – Watershed Management – Online
HONORS 391 – Blue Gold and World Water Wars

Selected Recent Publications


Randhir, T.O. 2006. Watershed Management: Issues and Approaches. International Water Association Publishing, London , UK .


Pamukcu, P., N. Erdem, Y. Serengil, and T.O. Randhir. 2016. Ecohydrologic modeling of water resources and land use for watershed conservation, Ecological Informatics,
Dudula, J. and T. O. Randhir. 2016. Modeling the influence of Climate Change on Watershed Systems: Adaptation through Targeted Practices. Journal of Hydrology. doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2016.07.020.
Talib, A., and T.O. Randhir. 2016. Managing Emerging Contaminants in Watersheds: Need for Comprehensive, Systems-Based Strategies, Sustainability of Water Quality and Ecology, doi:10.1016/j.swaqe.2016.05.002.
Randhir, T.O. 2016. Globalization impacts on local commons: multiscale strategies for socioeconomic and ecological resilience. Int. Journal of Commons. 10(1). DOI: 10.18352/ijc.517. 2.
Talib, A., and T.O. Randhir. 2016. Managing emerging contaminants: Status, impacts, and watershed-wide strategies. Exposure and Health. 10.1007/s12403-015-0192-4. Ekness, P., and T.O. Randhir. 2015. Effect of climate and land cover changes on watershed runoff: A multivariate assessment for stormwater management, Jl. of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences. 120(9):1785-1796. DOI: 10.1002/2015JG002981.
Zhang, C., and O. Randhir. 2015. Comparative analysis of accounting principles in trading carbon emissions for alternative mechanism design, Jl. of Env. Accounting and Management, 3(1): 1-11.
Randhir, T.O. and S. Raposa. 2014. Urbanization and watershed sustainability: Collaborative simulation modeling of alternative landscape states, Journal of Hydrology. 519: 1526-1536.
Sekar, I. and O. Randhir. 2014. Spatial Risk Assessment of Farming on Wetland Habitats in Watershed System.  Water, Air, & Soil Pollution. 225. DOI 10.1007/s11270-014-2116-5.
Randhir, T.O. The resilience of watershed systems to climate change. J. of Earth Science and Climatic Change, 5:6.
Oluka, S., A. L. Steigen,O. Randhir. 2014. Managing coliform contamination and chlorine by-products in urban water supply system in Uganda, Sustainability of Water Quality and Ecology,
Randhir, T.O. and P. Ekness†, 2013. Water quality change and habitat potential in riparian ecosystems. Ecohydrology and Hydrobiology, DOI: 10.1016/j.ecohyd.2013.09.001.
Erol, A., and T.O. Randhir. 2013. Watershed ecosystem modeling of land-use impacts on water quality, Ecological Modeling. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2013.09.005.
Randhir, T.O., and A. Erol. 2013. Emerging Threats to Forests: Resilience and Strategies at System Scale,” American Journal of Plant Sciences, 4(3A):739-748. doi: 10.4236/ajps.2013.43A093
Erol, A., and T.O. Randhir. 2012. Climatic Change Impacts on the Ecohydrology of Mediterranean Watersheds. Climatic Change, 114(2): 319-341. DOI 10.1007/s10584-012-0406-8.
Sekar, I., K. McGarigal, J. Finn, R. Ryan, and T.O. Randhir. 2012. Dynamic simulation modeling to evaluate the best management practices in integrated farming systems, Indian Journal of Soil Conservation, 40(2): 166-172.
Flugman, E., P. Mozumder, and T.O. Randhir. 2012. Facilitating Adaptation to Global Climate Change: Perspective from Experts and Decision Makers serving the Florida Keys. Climatic Change, 112(3-4): 1015-1035.
Randhir, T.O. 2011. Towards sustainability of the earth system. Jl. of Earth Science and Climatic Change, 2(2): 1-2.
Randhir, T.O, P. Ekness, O. Tsvetkova. 2012. Climatic change impacts on watershed hydrologic dynamics: A systems approach to adaptation. Environmental Research Journal, 6(3): 1-18.
Randhir, T.O., P. Ekness, and T. Stevens. 2011. Economic Value of Riparian Ecosystems: An Attribute-based R.Conjoint Analysis. Int. Jl. of Hydrology Sci. & Tech., 1 (3/4): 176-190.
Flugman, E., P. Mozumder, and T. O. Randhir. 2011. Facilitating Adaptation to Global Climate Change: Perspective from Experts and Decision Makers serving the Florida Keys. Climatic Change 112(3-4): 1015-1035.

Randhir, T.O., and O. Tsvetkova. 2011. Spatiotemporal dynamics of landscape pattern and hydrologic process in watershed systems. Journal of Hydrology, 404:1-12. DOI: 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2011.03.019
Farsad, A., T.O. Randhir, S. J. Herbert, and M. Hashemi, 2011. Spatial Modeling of Critical Planting Date for Winter Rye Cover Crop to Enhance Nutrient Recovery.  Agronomy Journal. 103:1252-1257.
Schoenberg, K., and T.O. Randhir. 2010. “Prioritization of watershed habitat for neotropical migratory birds.”International Journal of Biodiversity Conservation, 2(9): 250-262.
Mozumder, P., E. Flugman, T.O. Randhir 2010. Adaptation Behavior in the face of Global Climate Change:  Survey Responses from Experts and Decision Makers Serving the Florida Keys, Ocean & Coastal Management. DOI: 10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2010.10.009.
Randhir, T. O., and D. M. Shriver. 2009, Multiattribute optimization of restoration options: Designing incentives for watershed management, Water Resources Research, 45, W03405, doi:10.1029/2008WR007169.
Randhir, T.O., and P. Ekness, 2009. Urbanization effects on watershed habitat potential: A multivariate assessment of thresholds and interactions.” Ecohydrology 2(1): 88-101.DOI 10.1002/eco.43
Randhir, T. O., and O. Tsvetkova, 2009. Watershed-scale tradeoffs in water quantity and quality attributes for conservation policy. Water, Soil and Air Pollution.DOI 10.1007/s11270-008-9949-8.
Randhir, T. O., and A.G. Hawes, 2009. “Watershed land use and aquatic ecosystem response: an Ecohydrologic approach to conservation policy” Journal of Hydrology, 364: 182-199. doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2008.10.017.
Sekar, I., and T.O. Randhir. 2009. Arsenic Contamination in Water Resources: Mitigation and Policy Options. Water Policy, 11: 67-78. doi: 10.2166/wp.2009.005
Sekar, I, K. McGarigal, J.T. Finn, R.Ryan, and T.O. Randhir. 2009. “Water quality response to economic development: Quantifying environmental Kuznets curve.” Indian Journal of Ag. Economics. 64(1):73-88.
Marshall, E., and T.O. Randhir. 2008. Effect of Climate Change on Watershed Processes: A Regional Analysis.Climatic Change. 89:263-280. DOI 10.1007/s10584-007-9389-2.
Marshall, E., and T.O. Randhir. 2008. “Spatial Modeling of Land Cover Change and Watershed Response using Markovian Cellular Automata and Simulation” Water Resources Research. 44, W04423, doi:10.1029/2006WR005514.
Sekar, I., and T.O. Randhir. 2007. Policies for Sustaining Groundwater Resources.Water International (Journal of International Water Resources Association). 32(5): 686-698.
Shriver, D., and T.O. Randhir. 2006 “Integrating Stakeholder Values with Multiple Attributes to Quantify Watershed Performance.” Water Resources Research . 42 (8): 1-15. doi:10.1029/ 2005WR004413.
Matteo, M., T.O. Randhir, and D. Bloniarz. 2006 “ Watershed-scale Impacts of Forest Buffers on Water Quality and Runoff in Urbanizing Environment ” Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management. May. 132(3): 144-152
Sekar, I. , and T.O. Randhir. 2006. Spatial Assessment of Conjunctive Water Harvesting Potential in Watershed Systems. Journal of Hydrology. Doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol. 2006.09.024:1-14.
Low, S., and T.O. Randhir. 2005. “Watershed Management, Structural Characteristics, Information Processing, and Cooperative Strategies in Conservation Organizations.” Journal of Soil and Water Conservation . 60(6): 281-287.
Randhir, T.O. 2005. Managing Ecosystems in the Presence of Habitat Interactions and Market Imperfections in a Dynamic Setting. International Journal of Ecological Economics and Statistics. 3(5): 21-41.
Randhir, T.O. and C. Genge 2005. “ Watershed-based Institutional Approach to Develop Clean Water Resources. ” Journal of American Water Resources Association. 41(2): 413-424.
Randhir, T.O. 2003. Watershed-scale Effects of Urbanization on Sediment Export: Assessment and policy. Water Resources Research . 39(6):1-13. doi:10.1029/ 2002WR001913.
Randhir, T.O., R. O’Conner, P. Penner, D. Goodwin. 2001. “A Watershed-Based Land Prioritization Model to Protect Water Quality.” Forest Ecology and Management . 143:47-56.
Randhir, T. O., J. G. Lee, and B. Engel. 2000. “Multiple Criteria Dynamic Spatial Optimization to Manage Water Quality at a Watershed Scale.” Transactions of the American Society of Agricultural Engineers . 43(2): 291-299.
Randhir, T. O., and T. W. Hertel. 2000. “Trade Liberalization as a Vehicle for Adapting to Global warming.”Agricultural and Resource Economics Review. 29(2): 159-172.
Randhir, T. O., and J. G. Lee. 2000. “Effect of Water Quality Standards on Farm Income, Risk and NPS Pollution.”Journal of the American Water Resources Association (JAWRA), 36(3): 595-608.
Loehman, E. T., and T. O. Randhir. 1999. “Resource Degradation and Income Inequality: Alleviating Effects of Externalities in a Dynamic Setting.” Ecological Economics . 30(1).
Randhir, T. O., and J. G. Lee. 1997. “Economic and Water Quality Impacts of Reducing Nitrogen and Pesticide Use in Agriculture.” Agricultural and Resource Economics Review. 26(1): 39-51.
Lovejoy, S. B., J. G. Lee, T. O. Randhir, and B. A. Engel. 1997. “Research Needs for Water Quality Management in the 21 st Century: A Spatial Decision Support System,” Journal of Soil and Water Conservation , January-February, pp: 18-22.
Randhir, T. O., and J. G. Lee. 1996. “Managing Local Commons in Developing Economies: An Institutional Approach.” Ecological Economics , 16(1): 1-12 .

Book Chapters:
Randhir, T.O., and A.G. Hawes. 2010. Ecology and Poverty in Watershed Management. Invited chapter, DeClerck, F., J.C. Ingram, and C.R. Del Rio. Integrating Ecology into Poverty Alleviation and International Development Efforts: a practical guide. Springer Verlag Publication.
Randhir, T.O., P. Ekness, and O. Tsvetkova. 2010. Climatic change impacts on hydrologic dynamics of watershed systems. In Jeremy C. Vaughn. Watershed: Management, Restoration, and Environmental Impact. Nova Science Publishers, USA.
Randhir, T.O. 2003. Land Use Planning. In: Water: Science and Issues , ed. E. Julius Dasch. New York : Macmillan Reference USA . Pages: 7-11.
Randhir, T.O. 2003. Global Warming: Policy Making. In: Water: Science and Issues , ed. E. Julius Dasch. New York : Macmillan Reference USA . pages: 134-137.
Randhir, T.O. and S. R. Subramanian. 1999. Hill Agriculture Development: Environmental Issues. In: Kainth, G.S. Developing Hill Agriculture . (Ed.). Vedams Press., Delhi , India .

Conference Abstracts:

Randhir, T.O, S. J. Herbert, and A. Farsad. 2011. Online Crop Decision Support for Nitrogen Recovery through Cover Crops, 2011 Land and Sea Grant National Water Conference, January 30-31, Washington, DC.
Farsad A., S. J. Herbert, T.O. Randhir, M. Hashemi. 2010. Optimum Planting Date for Rye Cover Crop: A Spatial Analysis.  SWCS Annual Conference, St. Louis, MO, July 18-21, 2010.
Farsad A., T.O. Randhir, S. Herbert, M. Hashemi. 2010. Using a spatial model for estimating the critical planting date for rye cover crop in Massachusetts.  NEBCSA Conference, Cornell University, NY, June 27-29, 2010
Ekness, P., and T.O. Randhir. 2008. Effect of Spatial Configuration of Watershed Land Uses on Hydrology. American Water Resources Association Proceeding. 2008 at New Orleans, LA.
Mazzarino, M., and T.O. Randhir. 2008. Hydrologic Effects of Climate Change in a Tropical, Glaciated Watershed in Peru. American Water Resources Association Proceeding. 2008 at New Orleans, LA.
Sekar, I., and T.O. Randhir. 2008. Efficiency of Small-Scale, Storage Networks in India,American Water Resources Association Proceeding. 2008 at New Orleans, LA.
Randhir, T.O. 2008. “Effect of Climate Change in New England” in session “Adapting to Climate Change”, Southern New England American Planning Association Conference, September 5, Providence, RI.
Randhir, T.O. 2008. “Effect of climate change in Connecticut River Watershed.” Workshop on “Climate Change in the Northeast: Preparing for the Future Workshop”, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, National Park Service, U.S. Geological Survey, and Minerals Management Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Forest Service, Department of Commerce’s National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Six New England states and New York, Workshop – Regional Workshop CD proceedings. June 3 to 5, at Amherst, MA.
Hawes, A., and T.O. Randhir. 2007. Effects of Watershed Land Use on Aquatic Ecosystems. Soil and Water Conservation Society . Annual Conference, July 21 to 25 at Tampa , FL.
Ekness, P., and T.O. Randhir. 2007. The Economic value of riparian ecosystem attributes in an urban setting Soil and Water Conservation Society . Annual Conference, July 21 to 25 at Tampa , FL.
Tsvetkova, O., and T.O. Randhir. 2007. Predicting Land Use Change and Water Quality Impacts. Soil and Water Conservation Society . Annual Conference, July 21 to 25 at Tampa , FL.
Ekness, P., and T.O. Randhir. 2005. Understanding Watersheds: Using water movement on-campus to investigate our natural surroundings. National Science Teachers Association – 2005 NST Annual Meeting Proceeding . Hartford , CT.
Marshall, E., and T.O. Randhir. 2004. Mitigation of Climate Change Impacts on Water Balance at Varying Scales .American Water Resources Association Proceeding . 2004.
Ekness, P., and T.O. Randhir. 2004. The interaction between Riparian Systems and Stream Water Quality. American Water Resources Association Proceeding . 2004.
Brouilette-Jacobson, D., and T.O. Randhir. 2004. Sustainable Use of Water Supplies in Cape Code : Modeling and Policy Implications. American Water Resources Association Proceeding . 2004.
Ekness, P., and T.O. Randhir. 2003. Landuse Effects and Habitat Functions of Riparian Ecosystems. American Water Resources Association Proceeding . 2003.
Marshall, E., and T.O. Randhir. 2003. Impacts of Global Warming on Water Quality in the Connecticut River Watershed. American Water Resources Association Proceeding . 2003.
Shriver, D. T.O. Randhir, and E. Marshall, 2003. Watershed Classification for Prioritizing Habitat Restoration. AWRA International Congress on Watershed Management for Water Supply Systems. June 29 – July 2, New York .
Randhir, T.O. “Economic Policies to Address Urban Impacts of Watershed Processes.” American Water Resources Association Proceeding . 2002.
Randhir, T.O., C. Genge., and S. Buckley. “Watershed Approach to Clean Water in Developing Countries: An Application in Honduras .” American Water Resources Association Proceeding . 2002.
Randhir, T.O. “Integrated Watershed Modeling for Sustainability Planning.” American Water Resources Association Proceeding . 2002.
Randhir, T.O “Coastal Watershed Conservation to protect Narragansett Bay .” Journal of Soil and Water Conservation . 2001.
Randhir, T.O. Watershed Approach to Mitigate the Effects of Hurricanes: A Case Study of Hurricane Mitch in Honduras .” Journal of Soil and Water Conservation . 2001.
Randhir, T.O. “Protecting Potential Water Supplies in Coastal watershed: The Case of Taunton Watershed. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation . 2001.

Page updated: October 26, 2016