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Elkinton, Joseph


Tel: +1 (413) 545-4816
Room: 310 Ag. Engineering


Primary Interests

Population dynamics of invasive forest insects with a current emphasis on winter moth and hemlock woolly adelgid. Both projects involve introduction, release and evaluation of natural enemies of these two species as biological control agents. Earlier research on gypsy moth elucidated the role of small mammal predators and viral and fungal pathogens in the dynamics of gypsy moth populations.

Courses Taught

  • Insects and pathogens of forests and shade trees – 3 credits, alternate years
  • Introductory ecology. (in Biology dept.) – 3 credits, each spring
  • Readings in population and community ecology – 1 credit Fall 2012

Recent Publications

Books and Monographs:

Elkinton, J., G. Boettner, A. Liebhold and R. Gwiazdowski. 2015. Biology, spread and biological control of winter moth in the eastern United States. USDA Forest Service, FHTET-2014-07._winter_moth_bc-final

Insect Population Ecology: an African Perspective.  1994. ICIPE Science Press, Nairobi, Kenya.  144 pp.

Book chapters (last five years)

 Elkinton J S, G H Boettner. 2014. Browntail moth pp 83-93   In: The Use of Classical Biological control to Preserve Forests in North America  (Van Dreische and Reardon eds).  USDA Forest Service FHTET-2013-2.

Elkinton J S, G H Boettner. Winter moth.  pp 221-230. In: The Use of Classical Biological control to Preserve Forests in North America  (Van Dreische and Reardon eds).  USDA Forest Service FHTET-2013-2.

Fuester R., A Hajek  Elkinton JS, P Schaefer,  2014. Gypsy  moth.  pp. 49-82. In: The Use of Classical Biological control to Preserve Forests in North America  (Van Dreische and Reardon eds).  USDA Forest Service FHTET-2013-2.

Elkinton, JS,  R.T. Trotter, and A. F Paradis   2012. Simulations of  population dynamics of Hemlock Woolly Adelgid and Potential Impact of Biological Control Agents. Pp. 15-24.  In: Implementation and Status of Biological Control of the Hemlock Woolly Adelgid. US Forest Service Publication FHTET-2011-04  (B. Onken and R. Reardon eds.)  230pp.

Refereed Journal Articles

Elkinton, J.S., , J. A. Lombardo, A. D. Roehrig, T. J. McAvoy, A. Mayfield  and M. Whitmore. 2016. Induction of cold-hardiness in an invasive herbivore: the case of hemlock woolly adelgid (Hemiptera: Adelgidae). Environ. Entomol. doi: 10.1093/ee/nvw143.elkinton-et-al-2016-hwa-cold-hardiness-induction

Elkinton, J.S,. and G.H. Boettner. 2016. Gypsy moth outbreak of 2016. Massachusetts Wildlife 66:

Havill, N. P. , J. C. Andersen, , A. Caccone, and J. S. Elkinton. 2016.  Asymmetric hybridization between non-native winter moth, Operophtera brumata (Lepidoptera: Geometridae), and native Bruce spanworm, O. bruceata, in the northeastern United States, assessed with novel microsatellites and SNPs. Bulletin of Entomological Research.

.Pepi, A. H. Broadley, and J. S. Elkinton. 2016. Density-dependent effects of larval dispersal mediated by host plant quality on populations of an invasive insect. Oecologia. 82:499-509.apepi-ms-oecologia-9-18-16

Weed  A. S, J. Elkinton and N. Lany. 2016.  Density-dependent recruitment and diapause in the spring-feeding generation of hemlock woolly adelgid (Hemiptera: Adelgidae) in western North America. Environ. Entomol. 45: 1352-1359.weed-et-al-w-adelgid-ms-env-ent-2016

Havill, N. P., S. Shiyake, A. Galloway, R. Foottit , G. Yu , A. Paradis,  J. Elkinton,  M. Montgomery, M. Sano, and A. Caccone. 2016. Ancient and modern colonization of North America by hemlock woolly adelgid, an invasive insect from Asia.  Molecular Ecology 25:2065-2080.havill_et_al-2016-molecular_ecology

Buffington, M. L., G. Melika, M. Davis and J. S. Elkinton. 2016. The description of Zapatella davisae, new species, (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae) a pest gall wasp of black oak (Quercus velutina) in New England. Proc. Ent. Soc. Wash. 118: 14-26.buffington-et-al-zapatella_2016-1

Hibbard, E. M. and J. S. Elkinton. 2015.  Effect of spring and winter temperatures on winter moth (Geometridae: Lepidoptera) larval eclosion in the northeastern United States.  Environ. Entomol. 44:798-807.hibbard-and-elkinton-2015

Sussky, E. M. and J. S. Elkinton.  2015. Survival and near-extinction during summer aestivation of hemlock woolly adelgid (Hemiptera: Adelgidae) in a hemlock plantation. Environ. Entomol. 44: 153-159.sussky-and-elkinton-2015

Elkinton, J.S, A. M. Liebhold, G. H. Boettner and M. Sremac. 2014. Invasion spread of Operophtera brumata in northeastern United States and hybridization with O. bruceata   Biol. Invasions 16: 2263-2272.elkinton-et-al-2014-wm-spread

 McKenzie, E. A.  J. S. Elkinton, R. A. Casagrande, E. L. Preisser and M. Mayer. 2014. Terpene chemistry of eastern hemlocks resistant to hemlock woolly adelgid. J. Chem. Ecol.  40: 1003-1012.mckenzie-et-al-2014-terpenes-of-resistant-hemlocks

Pezet, J, and  J. S. Elkinton. 2014. Hemlock woolly adelgid (Hemiptera: Adelgidae) induces twig volatiles of eastern hemlock in a forest setting. Environ. Entomol. 43: 1257-1285.pezet-and-elkinton-2014

  Sussky, E. M. and J. S. Elkinton.  2014. Density-dependent survival and fecundity of hemlock woolly adelgid (Hemiptera: Adelgidae). Environ. Entomol. 43: 1157-1167.sussky-and-elkinton-2014

 Simmons, M. J.,  T. D. Lee, M. J.  Ducey, J S. Elkinton, G H. Boettner, and K. J. Dodds. 2014.  Effects of invasive winter moth defoliation on tree radial growth in eastern Massachusetts. Insects. 5:  301-318.simmons-et-al-nsects-2014

 Pezet, J., J. Elkinton, S. Gomez, E. A. McKenzie, M. Lavine, and E. Preisser. 2013. Hemlock woolly adelgid and elongate hemlock scale induce changes in foliar and twig volatiles of eastern hemlock. J. Chem. Ecol. 39:1090-1100.pezet-2013

Gwiazowski, R  S.  J.S. Elkinton, J. R. Dewaard and M. Sremac. 2013.  Phylogeographic diversity of the winter moths (Lepidoptera: Geometridae: Operophtera) O. brumata, and O. bruceata in Europe and North America. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Amer. 106:  143-151.gwiazdowski_et_al_2013

Liebhold, A.M., R. Plymale, J.S. Elkinton. 2013. Emergent fungal entomopathogen does not alter density dependence in a viral competitor. Ecology, 94: 1217–1222  (PDF)


Other Publications


Page updated: March 28, 2017